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Satoru Maeda Heart Mountain Photo Album

 Collection
Identifier: SPC-2019-023

Scope and Contents

Satoru Maeda Heart Mountain Photo Album contains photographs mostly taken in the Heart Mountain incarceration camp in Cody, Wyoming, documenting life in the camp during World War II. Photographed are the facilities, jobs, sports events, and social activities at the camp. Included are interiors of a mess hall, laundry room, shower room, washroom, barber, and offices, buildings and workers of a fire station and police station, ambulance, electric panels, guard tower, livestock, construction sites including an irrigation canal or possibly the Heart Mountain Canal constructed by incarcerees, timber and farm workers, sports events for judo, baseball, and sumo, Bon dance, music performance, calligraphy class, and a trip to Yellowstone National Park. There are also photographs of the incarcerees who are being sent from the Heart Mountain camp to the Tule Lake Segregation Center and group photographs of male internees, presumably Issei and Kibei Nisei, at the Santa Fe Internment Camp in New Mexico. Some prewar photographs are also included.

Dates

  • circa 1930-1945
  • Majority of material found within 1942 May-1943 September

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.

Biographical / Historical

Satoru Maeda (1922-2017) is a Kibei Nisei who was born in Los Angeles, California to his Issei parents immigrated from Hiroshima, Japan. He and his siblings were sent to Japan for education, and he and his brother returned to the United States prior to World War II while his sister remained in Japan. During the war, he and his parents were incarcerated in the Heart Mountain camp in Cody, Wyoming on May 12, 1942 and transferred to the Tule Lake Segregation Center on September 21, 1943 as incarcerees who decided to return to Japan. His brother’s family was incarcerated in the Gila River incarceration camp in Rivers, Arizona on May 6, 1943 and also transferred to the Tule Lake Segregation Center on October 3, 1943. His parents, Kumejiro and Natsu, returned to Japan on December 25, 1945 while he was further transferred to the Santa Fe Internment Camp in New Mexico on January 26, 1945. It is unknown whether he returned to Japan or remained in the United States afterwards.

After the war ended, he reestablished his life, returning to the Sothern California. He became a gardener and resided with his wife in Santa Monica. Even though the exclusion orders were rescinded and Japanese Americans were allowed to return from incarceration camps, discrimination and prejudice were still lingering in postwar America. Banks were reluctant to lend to Japanese Americans, for example. However, his non-Japanese American friend helped him to get a loan from a bank and he was able to purchase a duplex apartment in Santa Monica and became a landlord. He and his wife had no children, his wife passed away years earlier, and he passed away in 2017.

Extent

1 box

0.25 Linear Feet

Language of Materials

English

Japanese

Abstract

This collection contains one photograph album mostly depicting life at the Heart Mountain incarceration camp in Cody, Wyoming. The album contains photographs of facilities, events, jobs, and others in the camp as well as few photographs taken during the prewar and postwar periods. Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and are available online.

Arrangement

Arranged in one box.

Existence and Location of Copies

Most of the items in this collection have been digitized and digital reproduction access files are available at the CSU Japanese American Digitization Project site: Satoru Maeda Heart Mountain Photo Album

CSU Japanese American Digitization Project

This collection is part of the California State University Japanese American Digitization Project. Other collections about the history of Japanese Americans are found in the digital repository: CSU Japanese American Digitization Project.

Processing Information

The Gerth Archives and Special Collections created digitized materials from original items for long-term preservation and electronic access, adhering to best practice and standards to ensure the authenticity, integrity, and security of material. Most of the collection has been digitized and are available online. For more information on digitization production, please see CSU Japanese American Digitization Project technical reference guide.

The set of preservation files are stored on the Gerth Archives and Special Collections' department drive for preservation purposes. These files are also available for duplication requests by contacting the department.

Creator

Source

Title
Inventory of the Satoru Maeda Heart Mountain Photo Album
Status
Completed
Author
Jennifer Hill; Yoko Okunishi
Date
2019-08-21
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Revision Statements

  • 2020 September: Abstract, Scope and Content, and Processing Information were revised; and Biographical/Historical Note was added by Yoko Okunishi.

Repository Details

Part of the California State University Dominguez Hills, Gerth Archives and Special Collections Repository

Contact:
University Library South -5039 (Fifth Floor)
1000 E. Victoria St.
Carson CA 90747
310-243-3895