Frank L. Crone Collection
Scope and Contents
The bulk of the Frank L. Crone collection resides in Series I: Philippines and Peru, which focuses on the American colonial public education system in the Philippines through 1901-1914. There are also notes on Japanese schools and the American colonial public education system in Peru in the early 1920s, although these are small in comparison to the material covering the Philippines, which includes recounts of travel, teaching, administration, local and Indigenous peoples and cultures, along with some politics, athletics, and health. The bulk of the material are bound collections of Frank L. Crone's diary entries, professional correspondence, articles, reports, memorandums, interviews, and official documents while he progressed from the position of teacher to administrator, and finally American Director of the Board of Education in the Philippines during a 14 year period. Through this material one can obtain a picture of American efforts to instill "progress” in the Philippines through an American public education infrastructure, and highlights American imperialism a decade into colonial rule in the Philippines.
Other documents in the collection include Crone’s teaching certificates, awards, and newspaper articles highlighting his tenure as Director of Education in the Philippines and Peru. Photographs include mostly portraits of Tagalog women and men, Philippines urban and rural areas, and monuments, with some photographs of people and places in Japan.
Series II: Genealogy is dedicated to the Crone family narrative spanning 1849-1926. The bound genealogy books include correspondence with family members and historical societies, as well as public and private institutions regarding genealogical information. Included in the books are deeds, wills, death certificates, and photographs of the Crone family. The genealogy collection pertains to the Crone family and expands the lineage to the Beck, Benztz, Coon, Deggen, Dellinger, Dritt, Egner, Fissel, Fry, Hod, Holtziber, King, Keuchle, Nelson, Paulus, Schmidt, Schopler, Sirk, Steel, Stout, Stukey, Switzer, Weaver, Wittenmeyer, Zieggle, and Zimmerman families. Through official records, correspondence, and photographs, Crone traces the family’s European lineage, naturalization, military involvement, and migration in the United States. The Crone family linage concentrated in the states of Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Virginia.
- 1891-1926, bulk 1901-1916
Language of Materials
Collection material is in English.
Conditions Governing Access
There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Conditions Governing Use
All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Director of Archives and Special Collections. Permission for publication is given on behalf of Special Collections as the owner of the physical materials and not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained.
Biographical / Historical
Frank Linden Crone was born in 1875 in Kendallville, Noble County, Indiana. Crone pursued a bachelor's degree in history and civics at Indiana University and graduated in 1897. After teaching in the Midwest, Crone entered the U.S. Foreign Service and pursued a career in education in San Mateo, Philippines. In the Philippines, he ascended the bureaucratic ladder: from teacher to principal to superintendent to assistant director. In August 1913 Crone was promoted to U.S. Director of Education in the Philippines. Crone served in that office until June of 1916, when he left the Philippines. He made his way to Peru where he worked as the General Director of Education in Lima, and promoted American School reforms in Peru. Mr. Crone was also a fervent genealogist dedicated to narrating the Crone family history. F. L. Crone died in 1960.
4.84 Linear Feet
The Frank L. Crone collection ranging from 1890’s to the 1920’s contains photographs, official documents, correspondence, journals, newspaper articles, reports, maps, and genealogy books. The content of the collection is F. L. Crone’s tenure as General Director of Education in the Philippines and Peru. Collection documents American efforts to instill "progress” in the Philippines through an American public education infrastructure. The collection letters include correspondence between Crone and the Department of Public Instruction Bureau of Prisons in Manila, the Philippines Bureau of Education, Indiana University, as well as Iberian political candidates asking from Crone’s endorsement and influence. Content also traces the genealogy of the Crone Family from Europe through the United States.
Arranged in two series:
- Series I. Philippines and Peru
- Series II. Crone Family Genealogy
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was donated by Hollins University to the Archives and Special Collections at California State University, Dominguez Hills.
Part of this collection was processed by Oscar Sanchez Hernandez in 2014. Addtional materials added to the collection in 2019 were processed by Ashley Evans Bandy.
- Assimilation (Sociology) -- Philippines
- Baltimore (Md.)
- Bellville (Ohio)
- Camarines Sur (Philippines)
- Indiana University
- Kendallville (Ind.)
- Lancaster (Ohio)
- Lima (Peru)
- Manila (Philippines)
- Mansfield (Ohio)
- Noble County (Ind.)
- Panama-Pacific International Exposition (1915 : San Francisco, Calif.)
- Philippines. Bureau of Education
- Plymouth (Ind.)
- Richland County (Ohio)
- Schools, American
- York (Pa.)
- Inventory of the Frank L. Crone Collection
- Oscar Sanchez Hernandez, 2014 with revisions by Ashley Evans Bandy, 2019.
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description